Los Angeles Jail

May 17, 2012 by  
Filed under Featured

The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department operates the largest jail system in the United states. The Los Angeles County Jail offers short-term incarceration services for all of the County (including cities like Los Angeles, Glendale, Burbank, and Long Seaside which have their own police departments). The Men’s Central Jail (MCJ) and Twin Towers Correctional Facility (TTCF) are located in a dense cluster northeast of Union Station that’s next towards the station’s rail yard. The North County Correctional Facility (NCCF) will be the largest of the four jail facilities located at the Pitchess Detention Center in Castaic, California. The other facilities are East Facility, North Facility, and South Facility.

Los Angeles Jail

Los Angeles Jail

Some of the newer contract cities like Santa Clarita and West Hollywood have never had police departments. When their city governments were founded, they took more than what was formerly unincorporated land, but then contracted their police responsibilities right back towards the county sheriff. Since the division currently had substations in those areas anyway, the result was to preserve the status quo.

In contrast, Compton, California, used to possess a police department, but in 2000, the city council voted to dismantle the troubled police division and turn out to be a contract city. Compton continues to be at times notorious for gang violence, particularly throughout its recent background.
Controversy

The Los Angeles Jail incarcerates about 200,000 individuals each year, and with such big numbers, the jail has faced numerous issues with its facilities.

One of such problems is visitation controversy, exemplified by a current occasion within the Men’s Central Jail. A 23-year-old male, Gabriel Carillo, was severely beaten up and pepper sprayed by a deputy in Los Angeles’ Men’s Central Jail on Saturday, February 26, 2012. Carillo was there with his girlfriend, Grace Torres, to visit his younger brother. Each Torres and Carillo brought their mobile phones in to the jail and were caught getting the phones on them. Torres, out of fear of becoming fired from her job exactly where she should stay on call, hid her cell phone in her boot and snuck it in to the visitor’s lobby despite the indicators prohibiting it, whilst Carillo forgot to remove his cellphone from his pocket. The deputies confiscated the phones shortly after, handcuffed Carillo, and took Carillo and Torres in to the break space, where Carillo was assaulted.

Following the controversy, Los Angeles County Sheriff, Lee Baca, announced that the Men’s Central Jail might be closed. The closure of Men’s Central Jail can be produced possible if 3,000 low-risk, nonviolent offenders are placed into community-based supervision and education program aimed at decreasing the numbers of repeat offenders. Building of a new jail continues to be proposed to replace the Men’s Central Jail. Another challenge the Los Angeles County Jail faces is violence within the jail neighborhood. Numerous researchers assert that the violence noticed in jails is in component due to males wanting to preserve a position of superiority. Simply because those who appear to become weak tend to become victims of sexual violence in jail, some males attempt to demonstrate to others that they are as well powerful to be taken advantage of. This level of heightened masculinity can also be known as hypermasculinity, and has the potential to manifest itself in the type of violence inside a prison setting. Although men show their masculinity in order to prevent sexual assault, some may also commit sexual assault on others as a mechanism for appearing dominant and masculine. Like a result, sexual violence in prison is now a self-propagating spiral.

Associated to this issue is Los Angeles County Jail’s K6G unit, which is meant to become a separate unit for gay-identified males and transgender women. Although it’s been shown that this unit is effective via its decrease rates of sexual violence, the creation and systematics of this unit have sparked controversy. To be able to be admitted into the K6G unit, inmates should show that they are gay. However, those who determine inmates as homosexual individuals eligible for the K6G unit rely on stereotypes constructed by society about gay males. This procedure prevents homosexual men who’re not open about their sexuality, especially these of color, from coming out as gay for worry of abuse if they do so. Finally, severe well being issues have begun to arise with the problem of mass incarceration within the Los Angeles County Jails. Several organizations and scholars have analyzed random samples of prisoners with illnesses and also the healthcare that they receive while incarcerated. Even though it’s usually assumed that many prisoners have antisocial personality disorder, The American Public Well being Association claims that a few of these prisoners endure from a number of other disorders. They also state that much more than 30% of their sample possess a serious psychological disorder or perhaps a substance use disorder. The detainees that were diagnosed with severe psychological disorders or substance use had been frequently in jail simply because they had committed nonviolent crimes.[9] An issue that arises with the incarceration of individuals with psychological disorders is the fact that they must be examined for competency before they are able to be put on trial, which can leave inmates in jail for longer than necessary.

Richard Lamb and Robert W. Grant carried out a similar research of 101 women which are imprisoned in the Los Angeles County Jail system. Within this research, they concluded that 70% of them had traumatizing experiences of physical violence, 40% of those women were involved in prostitution, and 84% of the women with children were incapable of taking good care of them. In addition, there had been much more mentally ill males in jail than there were women. In a study of male inmates, there appeared to have been issues from the “criminalization” of these whom had been mentally ill. A problem that resides in these studies is that there’s uncertainty when trying to determine if these prisoners obtain any advantageous therapy. In response to this problem, Dr. Terry Kupers mentions that when thinking about the large proportion of prisoners with significant mental sickness, few of those Los Angeles County Jail inmates obtain sufficient psychological well being treatment. However, mental illnesses happen to be and therefore are presently becoming studied in the Los Angeles County Jail. For example, a number of researchers studied Bipolar I disorder, and discovered that a way to reduce the number of inmates with Bipolar 1 disorder is by having them take part in longer psychiatric hospital stays. One answer to this problem might be opt-out screening and vaccinations for STIs as well as other infectious diseases, which has the potential to improve well being conditions in jail and in surrounding communities. This can be achieved by supplying health care that many inmates, especially impoverished blacks and Latinos, wouldn’t obtain otherwise. Additionally, the implementation of this action would reduce the spreading of diseases from the jail to house communities. Utilizing opt-out screenings and vaccinations can be utilized like a mechanism to reach out to internal city neighborhood well being issues in addition to provide a new area for study in the effectiveness in vaccinations and screenings.

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